You may have heard of a term bunion, or perhaps have heard others complain about extremely painful bunions, but that does not really explain what it actually is. For those who suffer from painful bunions or require bunion surgery, it perhaps is stated that actual understanding basically comes with experience only. On the other hand, the bunion surgery is becoming a lot more common. Therefore, the fundamental working of the foot and what you should expect after you have been through the procedure perhaps be quite helpful for not only the patient but the caregiver as well.
In medical terms, a bunion is more of a foot deformity where the big toe turns outwards. The first joint, where the toe meets the foot, turns outward whereas the toe tip turns into other toes. The outward turned joint is made up of soft tissue as well as bone and over the period of time could be subjected to further wear and tear, eventually becoming larger in size. This enlarged and prominent joint, which is considered to be deformed due to an outward turn, is known as the bunion.
Bunions are generally caused by wearing of narrow-toed or ill-fitted shoes over the long period of times. In some cases, bunions are a result of joint diseases such as arthritis or because of hereditary causes. Knowing the fact that the narrow-toed or ill-fitted shoes are the most common causes, it is not very shocking to learn that women happen to be the most suffers from bunions. Narrow-toed shows, high heels and shoes that are too small or too high usually lead to this scenario. For some of the podiatry patients, the bunion pain and relief can come from non-surgical remedies, but for others, surgery is a must!
Cues that surgery is the only recommended course of action perhaps include pain that is not alleviated with non-surgical remedies, a big toe that is overlapping, consistent and constant pain that affects the patient’s mobility, decreases the foot motion. Depending on the severity and cause of bunion, the surgeons determine the right type of bunion surgery. There are six different types of bunions surgeries. Regardless of the type, the surgical procedure for bunions is driven by the cause to correct deformity, relieve pain and realign the joint as required.
Bunion Surgery abroad is performed as an outpatient surgery the surgeons then determine if local or general anesthesia is required. As the procedure completes, there is usually a brief recovery time in the facility before the patient is discharged. The surgeon generally prescribes various homecare routines, which mainly includes instructions on changing the dressing, pain medication, staying off the foot, when the shoes could be worn and several home-based exercises. There are frequent visits to the surgeon’s office post surgery that help assess the healing and progress of the realigned joint.
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